It is impossible to fit the answer to the question of who is Albert Einstein into the content you will be looking at soon. Even if we briefly talk about Albert Einstein’s scientific studies and the difficulties he has faced in doing these studies, we may need to write pages full of books. For this reason, we have deemed it appropriate for you to present Albert Einstein’s biography with brief descriptions under the headings.
Albert Einstein, German theoretical physicist of Jewish descent, who rewrites the laws of physics in the universe.
The father of quantum physics, who rejected the offer of the Israeli state to become the second president.
He’s a genius who’s been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics.
He is a scientist who breaks the rules of physics with the Theory of Relativity.
The most well-known scientist of all time, proving the existence of atoms, formulating that energy can be transformed into matter and matter into energy (E = m.c^2)
- 1 Albert Einstein Biography
- 1.1 Einstein was a Late-Talking Child
- 1.2 A Curious and With Rich Imaginations Child
- 1.3 He never liked the school.
- 1.4 The Gift Helped Change His Life
- 1.5 Einstein in the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zürich)
- 1.6 Nikola Tesla Affects Albert Einstein’s Life
- 1.7 Albert Einstein’s Love Life
- 1.8 Albert Einstein’s Miracle Year: 1905
- 1.9 Albert Einstein Last Will & Testament
- 1.10 Einstein’s Equation for Success in Life: A=X+Y+Z
- 1.11 A=X+Y+Z
- 1.12 How and When did Albert Einstein Die?
- 1.13 Albert Einstein’s Autopsy Report
- 1.14 How Einstein’s Brain Was Stolen?
- 1.15 The Scientific Works of Albert Einstein
- 1.16 Some of Albert Einstein’s Books
- 1.17 Top 10 Most Inspiring Albert Einstein Quotes
Albert Einstein Biography
Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 (on Pi Day) in Ulm, southern Germany.
He was the first child of Hermann and Pauline Einstein.
His father, the owner of a small electrochemistry factory, was not a successful businessman.
His mother’s world was music, especially his greatest passion for playing Beethoven’s pieces. It was a passion that would make Einstein love to play the violin in the future.
Einstein was a Late-Talking Child
Albert Einstein was a withdrawn child, but no one knew about the storms that broke in his brain. According to his brothers and peers, he was too late to speak. Even by the time, he was 9, he had difficulty speaking. Everyone except his family thought maybe he was an idiot.
A Curious and With Rich Imaginations Child
When Albert Einstein was a child, he dreamed all the time and thought about the differences in the universe. He dreamed of traveling above a beam of light, reaching the stars, watching the sun from the stars.
His dreams would give him the key that would open the doors of the world of Science in the future. The fact that he was a curious child would have played a major role in the maturation of his ideas about how the universe was formed.
He never liked the school.
He never liked the school, which is the center of recitation based systems.
According to Einstein, the foundations of his intelligence were certainly not laid at school. For him, the school was rather boring, free from creativity, and based on memorization.
His father was an electrical engineer, and he wanted Einstein to be an engineer like himself. But he was very worried that Einstein could continue on this path. How could it not be! Albert Einstein was a very unsuccessful student and disliked school.
Let’s have a conversation with his parents who question why Einstein didn’t go to school.
Albert Einstein asked his mother: “Is it a bad thing to ask questions?”
His mother, Pauline Einstein: “There’s nothing wrong with asking questions, honey. As long as the questions are not meant to humiliate or break someone else’s heart!”
Einstein: “But I don’t do that, mommy. There are so many things I don’t know that I want to learn by asking; I want to learn everything.”
His father, Hermann Einstein: “Well, if you really want to know everything, baby, how can you ask why you should go to school? Isn’t the school where the questions are answered? ”
Einstein responds to his father, perhaps as he describes the modern-day education system: “No Daddy! Let alone answer, they do not even ask questions. I don’t like school. It’s like I’m in prison. Teachers are like guards; guards who go between rows! ”
The Gift Helped Change His Life
Albert Einstein, a constantly curious and imagination-rich boy, received a gift that would one day help him feel the power of storms early in his brain. When his uncle gave him a compass, he would sit at night watching the needle pointing north.
When he was talking about those days, he used to say that this gift excited him very much, made him goosebumps and gave him the impression that there were many things waiting to be discovered in the universe.
Also years later, Einstein expressed his debt to his uncle by saying: “I can’t forget two important things that I had in my childhood. One is the mystery of my uncle’s gift on the compass when I was five; the other is the Euclidean geometry I met when I was twelve. ”
Einstein in the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zürich)
Even at the age of 21, when he was a student at the Swiss Federal Polytechnic University (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology), his teachers could not imagine that he might be a genius. Because even when Albert Einstein was in college, he was running away from classes and being a mischief.
He had to finish school because everyone around him thought he had to finish school. But he was so indifferent to the lessons; he was able to graduate from college with notes he received from his friends.
After graduating from college he was unable to find a job. Unfortunately, he started selling life insurance to keep his life going. What a waste for one of the world’s greatest geniuses!
Einstein was depressed after his father died. He thought he was a disgrace to the family. With the help of a friend, he found a job in the Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property.
What did Einstein do in the patent office?
For the adoption of patents, references had to be thoroughly examined. That was Albert Einstein’s job in this office. Assimilate the details! This allowed him to develop his skills as a physicist. The fact that he did these studies in a very short time gave him the opportunity to think about the universe in the remaining time.
Nikola Tesla Affects Albert Einstein’s Life
This effect is not at all as scientific as you might expect!
As a result of Nikola Tesla finding alternative current and patented it, he made Albert Einstein’s father difficult and bankrupt the electrochemistry factory.
Albert Einstein and his family were forced to change cities to escape this difficult situation.
Albert Einstein’s Love Life
Einstein Marries Classmate Mileva Maric
He was quite close to women while studying at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. He used to play the violin in women’s cocktails. But at such meetings, he was obsessed with one woman: Mileva Maric.
Mileva was the only woman in the class. He fell in love with her and they married in 1903. A year later, their first son, Hans Albert, was born.
Mileva Maric was a consultant for the Theory of Special Relativity in 1905, which Einstein did not know at the time, but called the miracle year for him. While she dreamed of becoming a great physicist, she had become a housewife looking after his children.
After 1911, Einstein’s professorship at the University of Zurich and his participation in meetings with famous physicists aroused interest in Mileva Maric’s ever-present physical science.
Because of professional jealousy; she always wrote letters of complaint about her husband, who went from meeting to meeting and was away from home because of scientific studies.
Albert Einstein was also bored in this marriage. Albert Einstein was so confident that his work would bring him a Nobel Prize in the future; he offered to give it to his wife as alimony. Mileva Maric agreed and they divorced.
When they divorced, they had two boys and their children stayed with their mother. Perhaps Albert Einstein cried for the first time in his life when he said goodbye to them at the train station. It was a devastating event for Einstein.
Einstein Lives in Love with His Cousin Elsa
One day when he was invited to a conference in Berlin, he met his cousin, whom he knew as a child. Elsa was a divorced, lonely woman with two daughters.
Elsa was a person of opposite character to Mileva Maric. Einstein was attracted to her, and they enjoyed spending time together. After leaving Berlin, they continued their correspondence, but after a while, Einstein, who was married at the time, said that they should stop the correspondence.
After divorcing Mileva Maric and gaining worldwide fame for his scientific work, they married in 1922.
Albert Einstein’s Miracle Year: 1905
In 1905, he published 4 foresighted works. These studies could have been the perfect career for a physicist. Because his work was different from the previous work of physicists.
This study, written by someone who was never recognized in the physics world, said that light came from a particle called a photon.
The Existence of Atoms
At that time, scientists did not accept the existence of atoms. But Albert Einstein proved that atoms can move small dust particles in the liquid.
He also calculated the dimensions of the atoms. What a genius to prove that atoms can break up in an environment that is not believed to exist!
It is one of the most famous formulas in the world. (E = m.c^2) I think it is really pleasing that this theorem, which Albert Einstein found in difficulties, has become so widespread that everyone is involved in physics at least.
If we take the equation as simple; this means that energy can be transformed into matter and matter can be converted into energy.
The Theory of Relativity
We talked about how imaginative Albert Einstein was when he was a child. Here is an example of how important imaginations are as a child; Einstein’s invention of The Theory of Relativity.
Riding on a beam of light!
When Einstein was a child, he wondered what it would be like to riding on a beam of light.
In 1905, Einstein boarded a bus, and while on the bus, he stared at the clock tower in Bern, Switzerland. Then he thought what would have happened if the bus went at a speed close to the speed of light. It was surprising what Einstein dreamed of looking back at the clock tower. When the bus reached the speed of light, the clock’s hour hand and minute hand seemed frozen. As soon as he realized that, the lightning flashed in his brain.
Albert Einstein knew that the clock tower was a normal time there, but Einstein’s bus, which was traveling at speed of light, could not reach the light from the clock. As a result, he understood that the faster he moved in space, the more time is slow in there.
This understanding led Albert Einstein to find the theory of relativity, which says that time and space are interrelated.
He was a civil servant in the patent office at the time but he was a natural physicist and passionate about physics that could challenge all of the established rules of physics of the time.
Special theory of relativity research was published in June 1905. Number 17 was one of the most important publications in the history of science. (It has been called Special Relativity Theory because of some of its shortcomings. The reason is because it takes only constant speed references and does not explain the general situation. In the future, Einstein will be able to expand this research and establish and prove the Theory of Relativity, despite all the negations, approximately 15 years later.)
Albert Einstein Last Will & Testament
Einstein had written his last will on 18 March 1950 and his secretary Helen Dukas and his doctor Dr. Otto Nathan appointed the authority to execute his will. Albert Einstein’s will included his stepdaughter Margot, his two sons Hans and Eduard Albert, and several other names.
Its entire written assets were given to the Jewish University, located in Jerusalem.
One of the most interesting items of his will was that he wanted his personal letters to be kept for 20 years.
Letters kept by her stepdaughter Margot Einstein were published by Princeton University after the expiry of the period and thus shared her personal details.
Einstein’s Equation for Success in Life: A=X+Y+Z
Albert Einstein formulates success and thus is giving us a copy of life in this way. It’s not a very complex formula.
One of the parameters in the formula is diligence; although it is always difficult for us, unfortunately, the result without it is always wrong!
The formula for success in life is work, play and keep your mouth shut.
A, Success in life,
X is being work,
Y is being play (To see the subject he works with as a game)
Z is keeping your mouth shut.
It is simple, isn’t it?
How and When did Albert Einstein Die?
On April 18, 1955, Albert Einstein suffered internal bleeding (internal hemorrhage). Einstein needed surgery. Albert Einstein rejected the surgery with the words:
“I want to go when I want to go. It is tasteless to prolong life artificially. I have done my share; it is time to go. I will do it elegantly.”
He was preparing a draft of a television speech on the seventh anniversary of Israel’s founding, but before he could finish, he died at 76 years old at Princeton Hospital at 01:55 a night.
Albert Einstein’s Autopsy Report
After his death, he performed his autopsy to determine the cause of his death. Dr.Thomas Stoltz Harvey noticed the abnormal condition in his brain. He discovered that his parietal lobe was 15% larger than that of normal people. This area of the brain was where mathematics and visual skills developed. It was also observed that Einstein’s brain was 73% more curved than normal people.
How Einstein’s Brain Was Stolen?
Albert Einstein did not want his body to be idolized and worshipped after he died. That’s why he wanted to be cremated by his family after he died. Dr. Thomas Stoltz Harvey prepared his body for cremation. He put Einstein’s brain in a bowl of his own and took it home.
After an autopsy, Einstein’s body was cremated and his ashes spread in an undisclosed location.
The brain, which proved that the accepted laws of physics in the world were wrong and destroyed those laws, was now in a bowl. As a result, Einstein’s brain was stolen.
The world mourned Einstein’s death. At his request, his office and house were not turned into memorials.
The Scientific Works of Albert Einstein
- Theory of special relativity
- Theory of general relativity
- Photoelectric effect
- Mass-Energy Equation
- Brownian Movement and Statistical physics
- Quantum Physics and Uncertainty Principle
- Niels Bohr’s Discussions
- Unified Field Theory
Some of Albert Einstein’s Books
- Relativity – The Special and General Theory 1920.
- The Meaning of Relativity, 1921.
- Quantum theory of the monatomic ideal gas, 1924.
- Investigations on the Theory of the Brownian Movement, 1926.
- Why war, 1932.
- World As I See It, 1934.
- The Evolution of Physics, with Leopold Infield, 1938.
- Religion and Science, 1930
- Letters to Solovine: 1906-1955, 1987
- On Cosmic Religion and Other Opinions and Aphorisms, 1931
- Ideas and Opinions, 1951
Top 10 Most Inspiring Albert Einstein Quotes
* Imagination is more important than knowledge. Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world.
* Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid.
* A person who never made a mistake never tried anything new.
* Unthinking respect for authority is the greatest enemy of truth.
* Look deep into nature, and then you will understand everything better.
* Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in school.
* Concern for man and his fate must always form the chief interest of all technical endeavors. Never forget this in the midst of your diagrams and equations.
* There are only two ways to live your life. One is as though nothing is a miracle. The other is as though everything is a miracle.
* Once you stop learning, you start dying.
* I have no special talent. I am only passionately curious.
- History Channel-Albert Einstein
- Bilim Teknik Dergisi – September 1993